The Cold War started in 1945 and ended in 1961, during that time major changes were made to U.S. policy abroad, while McCarthyism targeted the Department of State at home. The Containment approach used by President Eisenhower was more effective then President Truman’s approach at containment or at the reconstruction in Europe. Containment was arguably better due to the cost advantages to the United States. Through the use of foreign policy and a system of alliances, America was able to prove it was worthy to place itself as a World super power.
U.S. policy abroad changed considerable after the turn of the 20th century, after letting American military strength erode during the Great Depression it turned around and took the lead in founding the United Nations. President Truman took office in 1945 and immediately was thrown into the foreign policy maelstrom. With the Soviet Union pushing for control of Eastern Europe and the world and Japan refusing to surrender, President Truman was faced with the decision of using an atomic bomb.
During this time the Truman Doctrine was put into place and $400 million in emergency aid for Turkey and Greece was sent to help with the internal and external communist threats. Then two years later, Europe lay in ruins with mass starvation and the possibility for a Soviet-led communist revolution. Truman proposed that the US and Western Europe create a $13 billion U.S. aid package that would help democracy rebuild.
To further change US policy on…