Hitler attained power in 1933 as the result of a complex set of factors. He was the right man at the right time to take advantage of the problems that had arisen in Germany in the post war years.
In the post war years of the 1920’s to the 1930’s, the German people had many grievances. The biggest of which was the economy. The hyperinflation of the early 1920’s, in January 1921 the German mark was 65 marks to the American dollar and on November 1923 it was worth 4 200 000 000 000 to the American dollar. Over a 12 week period the German currency lost 99.3% of it’s value. This meant that the price for eggs was 80 billion marks each. The hyperinflation meant that 90% of people’s savings were destroyed.
What he said, people believed, and those who didn’t, were killed. The ideas that he had (quote SOSE textbook page 57) ‘to be a strong nation, Germany had to have a strong leader, struggle was the basis of history and struggle occurred between different races and the main struggle for Germany, was with the Jewish race. He also believed that Germany had to have more land to safeguard itself if needed. The people of Germany listened and they turned against the Jewish people killing them and sending many to concentration camps where they lived and died amid great suffering and hardship. The effect of Hitler’s speeches caused alarm in the other European countries. Most didn’t believe what he said and when he went into office, thought he would be more restrained.
The Propaganda of the Nazi’s made Hitler appear strong, autocratic and firmly committed to his beliefs. That the German people loved uniforms, parades, and military formations and submitted easily to authority was no secret and Hitler played on this with displays of military prowess and the strong symbols eg. the SWASTICA. He used propaganda to spring fear into people by using emotional harangues. Another way used, to show his power was to send “Stormtroopers” or “brown shirts” onto the street causing a lot of violence, often against communists and Jews. They were also used to break up rival meetings. Hitler was the ‘man of the year’ in 1938 and the German people loved him.
The other nations of