Cross-cultural communication problems in “Expatriation: An American Working in Japan” case. I decided to choose this topic because in the modern world, where globalization takes over the economy, the cross-cultural communication is becoming increasingly important subject to address for organizations and especially for its Human Resource Management. Whether it is a multinational company with subsidiaries all over the world, or a manufacturing company with distribution network across continents, or just a wholesale company expanding to new markets, all of them may encounter cross-cultural difference problems among employees, with clients, with superiors, etc. The goal of this essay is to study the cross-cultural problems that arose
The above scores lead to the following conclusions on five dimensions of cultures for Japan and Unites States of America.
PDI (score: 54): Japan is near the world’s average score of 55 and is not very power distance oriented society. “Japanese are always conscious of their hierarchical position in any social setting and act accordingly. However, it is not as hierarchical as most of the other Asian cultures” (2) However, many foreigners consider Japan as very hierarchical.
IDV (score 46): Japan is in the area of world average score of 43. Though, It has many characteristics of collectivistic society, expressing such things as harmony, collective strength, group convention, etc. Even though, it still is not as collectivistic as other Asian countries. Japanese are also “famous for their loyalty to their companies” (2).
MAS (score 95): Japan has one of the top scores in this dimension. For Japan masculinity is expressed through “the drive for excellence and perfection … workaholism” (2).
UAI (score 92): Japan is one of the most uncertainty avoiding countries in the world. Due to constant threat from the nature, such as earthquakes and tsunamis, Japanese “learned to prepare themselves for any uncertain situation” (2). This also had an impact on businessmen who prefer to prepare a detailed plan and rely on facts.
LTO (score 88): Again, Japan is on the top of the list with one of the highest LTO scores. “In corporate Japan,